State health officials have confirmed a second case of measles in MI, and local officials are warning the public that people may have been exposed to the disease at two Ann Arbor restaurants recently.
There's an extraordinary link between two measles cases in MI since March. This new case of measles is related to that first case. "It's also so contagious that if you are in the same airspace as an individual who has the measles, that virus can live up to two hours in the airspace, so you can contract the disease that way as well".
Measles is a viral infection that can lead to pneumonia, brain inflammation, hospitalization and death. Those symptoms are followed by a red, raised body rash starting on the head and face that spreads.
A person with measles may be contagious for a few days before they start having tell-tale symptoms, increasing the possibility of exposing others to the infection; they remain contagious until several days after the rash appears. Rather, the person with measles was a customer at the two restaurants while contagious. "The measles vaccine is effective and safe", said Dr. Jessie Kimbrough Marshall, the county agency's medical director. However, health officials say national case counts have been rising. Symptoms start 7 to 14 days after being exposed to measles, and last 1 to 2 weeks.
Droplets from the nose or mouth, through sneezing, coughing or speaking, spread measles.
The Americas region was thought to be free of endemic measles, yet five new measles cases have been reported in Minnesota.
In 2014, the United States experienced a record number of measles cases, with 667 cases from 27 states reported, the greatest number of cases since 2000, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in Atlanta.
However, measles cases have been rising as childhood vaccination rates have dipped.
According to the CDC, measles is still widespread in many parts of the world, including countries in Asia, Africa, Europe, and the Pacific.
The two individuals are not members of the same family or otherwise related.
Measles was the fifth vaccine-preventable disease eradicated in the Americas, joining smallpox, polio, rubella and congenital rubella syndrome.
The United States has made tremendous progress against measles.